In the last fifty years, we have been looking for solutions to problems such as climate change, biodiversity erosion or poverty eradication. Although we strived for it, why haven't we been able to solve even the most elemental problems? According to the logic of our profession, based on the Kuznets curves theory, if the GDP above $ 10,000 to $ 12,000 per capita, the illiteracy should no longer exist, and everyone should have access at least to healthy drinking water. This is still not the case in the World. We've obviously spoiled something.
17 sustainable development goals were accepted by 193-member states of the United Nations in 2016. Reading the SDGs, the Millennium Development Goals come back to our mind, it is obvious that the goals are not new, just twice as many as used to be in 2000.The 169 sub-goal provides a sufficiently comprehensive picture of the global problems to be solved. Some global environmental problems do not harm human health directly, thus it is rather hard to generate social support to act. Often, even scientists are divided over the nature of the issue. Results can only be achieved through radical changes. Two global problems we need to pay attention to, these are climate change and the rapid loss of biodiversity. A common characteristic of these issues is that instead of threatening the health of individuals, they are endangering the stability of the entire ecosystem. If targets are followed by the UN Member States, several interacting transformation processes are expected to start in the 2030’s period. The new economy will be a low-carbon and circular one. The economy that uses the achievements of the fourth industrial revolution can respond to these challenges with solutions that improve the state of the environment and the quality of life in the same time and can create even satisfaction for the citizens.
SDG's could be accomplished. Humanity has the necessary resources for it and the appropriate technologies exist as well. What makes it difficult to solve these problems is the more and more uneven income distribution which is leading to middle class poverty, and the fact that SDG’s are not well-structured problems, but wicked problems. What can we do, or what should we do to solve the global problems? I am looking for answers to these questions in my presentation.